Mali Independence Day

Mali Independence Day

Daphne Agredano

The annual Mali Independence Day is celebrated on September 22. The eighth-largest country in Africa rejoices in its hard-won independence. The festivities for Mali Independence Day, also known as “Republic Day,” are jam-packed with fun events, speeches, and parades.

Background of National Independence Day

One of the three largest empires that once dominated sub-Saharan trade was in the West African territory that we now know as Mali. The Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire were not only extraordinarily strong, but also wealthy. Mansa Musa, the emperor of Mali at the time, is frequently referred to as the wealthiest person in history. Mali was one of the richest nations in both Africa and the entire world. The nation was a place for Islam and a famous center of study and culture.

The Songhai Empire eventually acquired the Mali empire as it weakened through time. The once rare and wealthy sub-Saharan trade route started to fade in importance as Europe built other trading routes. The influence and strength of these once-rich empires significantly decreased. Mali’s distance from the sea enabled the country to escape colonial rule by the 19th century, even though colonialism had already spread around the globe. The region now contained several theocratic states because of the Mali empire’s internal Islamic religious wars. And now, France began showing interest in the landlocked nation, gaining control over it gradually by 892, and establishing it as a French colonial area by 1905.

A territorial assembly known as the Sudanese Union-African Democratic party (also known as U.S.R.D.A.) was only established in 1946. This was the first step towards the region’s independence from French authority. In January 1959, they united with Senegal to form the Mali Federation. Then, in June 1960, France signed a deal that gave the people their power back.

The people of Mali would soon experience another setback. There are policy differences between Mali and Senegal. This, along with dashed hopes that other francophone regions would join their union, led to the Mali Federation’s disbandment in August. Mali eventually declared its independence and changed its name to the Republic of Mali a month later.

Fun Facts

  • Mali is the third-largest producer of gold in Africa due to its abundant natural resource deposits, with gold being one of the most notable.
  • Mali is one of the hottest countries on Earth since it is near to the equator.
  • Mali has one of the youngest populations in the worlds of 2017, with about 67% of its population being under 25.

Mali Independence Day honors the accomplishments and the sacrifices of all those who fought for the independence of their country.